Toharia, Jose J.

toharia-jose-j

Jose J. Toharia

Studies and Degrees:

  • Primary and Secondary studies at the Lycèe Français de Madrid. Baccalauréat (June 1961, Université de Toulouse, France).
  • Licenciado en Periodismo (Spanish equivalent to a M.A. in Journalism), Escuela Oficial de Periodismo de Madrid, 1967.
  • Doctor en Derecho (Spanish equivalent to an LL.D. degree), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 1971.
  • Graduate Student, Sociology Department, Yale University (U.S.A.), 1968‑1970.
  • PhD. in Sociology, Yale University (U.S.A.), 1974.

 

Languages:

  • Spanish, French, English: fluent.
  • Italian: reading and speaking. Portuguese: reading.

 

Professional Situation:

  • Since September 2004, Chairman, METROSCOPIA (A public opinion research institute).
  • 1980-2009: Catedrático (Professor) of Sociology, Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM, Spain). Chairman of the Department (from 1980 to 1986, from 1996 to 1999 and from September 2000 to July 2002).

 

Fields of Specialization:

Prof. Toharia has written and researched extensively on Public Opinion and Sociology of Law, specializing in pre-electoral polls and in the comparative analysis of judicial systems and legal cultures and in the study of public opinion in relation with the legal and judicial world.

 

Other Activities:

  • Consultant in socio-legal and electoral matters, with responsibility in organizing and/or supervising quick-counts of electoral results with the United Nations (El Salvador: ONUSAL, 1994; Guatemala: MINUGUA, 1995), and the  UNDP (Argentina, 1993; Mexico, 1994 and 2000).
  • Consultant with the World Bank, in projects of judicial reform (Russia, 2001/02, Peru, 2002).
  • Consultant with the Asia Foundation and the Asian Development Bank, Workshop on Judicial Independence (Manila, July 2002).
  • Director of all the opinion polls carried out in Spain by the Consejo General del Poder Judicial (Higher Council of the Judiciary) since 1985 (in total, seven surveys to national samples of the Spanish population, as well as five surveys to national samples of judges).
  • Director of all the opinions polls carried out in Spain by the Consejo General del Notariado (The Spanish College of Notaries): a total of eight, since 1989, to national samples of Spanish population, on social attitudes towards the legal professions.
  • Consultant with the Consejo General de la Abogacía (Spanish Bar Association) with respect to studies on the social image of lawyers (July 2002, March 2005, February 2006).
  • Founding Director (1986-1994) of the “Escuela de Periodismo UAM-El País” (a joint venture between the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and the newspaper “El País”). Director of the Foundation “Escuela de Periodismo UAM-El País” (1994 to 1999). Currently a trustee of the “Fundación Escuela de Periodismo UAM-El País”.
  • Officier de l´Ordre National du Mérite de la République FranÇaise (November 2007).
  • Regular contributor as political and social analyst to El País, the leading Spanish newspaper.

 

Selected Publications:

  • 2014, revised and updated entry “Judges”, in the second edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences  (London, Elsevier).
  • 2012, Pulso de España 2 (2012).Un informe sociológico (Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva/ Fundación Ortega/Marañón).
  • 2011, editor and co-author, Pulso de España 2011.Un informe sociológico (Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva/ Fundación Ortega/Marañón).
  • 2011, “Exploring Legal Culture: A Few Cautionary Remarks From Comparative Research”, in Robert W. Gordon y Morton J. Horwitz, eds., Law, Society and History. Themes in the Legal Sociology and Legal History of Lawrence M. Friedman (Cambridge University Press).
  • 2006, “Las profesiones jurídicas: una aproximación sociológica”, in Varios Autores, El oficio de jurista (Madrid, Siglo XXI), pp. 1-16.
  • 2005, with Juan José García de la Cruz, La Justicia ante el espejo: 25 años de barómetros de opinión del Consejo General del Poder Judicial   (Madrid, CGPJ).
  • 2004, “The Evaluation of a System of Justice Through Public Opinion: Spain as a Case-Study”, In S. Parmentier, G. Vervaeke, R. Doutrelepont and G. Kellens, eds. Public Opinion and the Administration of Justice (Brussels, Politeia), pp. 109-128.
  • 2003a, La imagen ciudadana de la Justicia (Madrid, Fundación BBVA).
  • 2003b, “The Organization, Functioning and Evaluation of the Spanish Judicial System (1975-2000): A Case-study in Legal Culture”, en L.M. Friedman y R. Pérez-Perdomo, eds., Legal Culture in the Age of Globalization: Latin America and Latin Europe (Stanford, Stanford University Press), chapter 11, pp. 377-413.
  • 2003c, “Evaluating Systems of Justice Through Public Opinion: Why, What, Who, How and What for?”, en Erik G. Jensen y Thomas C. Heller, eds., Beyond Common Knowledge: Empirical Approaches to the Rule of Law (Stanford, California, Stanford University Press), chapter 1, pp. 1-42.
  • 2002a, “Las nuevas realidades sociales y la enseñanza del Derecho”, Anuario de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 2002, pp. 115-125
  • 2002b, “La imagen del Ministerio Público en la sociedad”, Cuadernos de Derecho Público, nº 16, pp. 13-24.
  • 2002c, “Las encuestas de opinión y las decisiones políticas: el caso de la evaluación y reforma de la Justicia”, Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, nº 99, pp. 213-222.
  • 2002d, (ed. with H.M. Kritzer and C. Neal Tate) Legal Systems of the World: A Political, Social and Cultural Encyclopaedia (ABC-CLIO)
  • 2001, Opinión Pública y Justicia (Madrid, CENDOJ, Consejo General del Poder Judicial)
  • 2001, Entry: “Judges”, International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences  (London, Elsevier).
  • 2000, “La Justicia” en J. Tusell (editor), El gobierno de Aznar. Balance de una gestión,1996-2000 (Barcelona, Crítica)
  • 1999, “La buena Justicia y la independencia judicial”, in Justicia y Sociedad (nº3, PNUD, Octubre).
  • 1999, “La imagen de la Administración de Justicia en la sociedad española actual: rasgos principales”, in A. Beristain (editor) Política criminal comparada, hoy y mañana. Cuadernos de Derecho Judicial (Madrid, Consejo General del Poder Judicial)
  • 1999, “La cultura legal: como se mide”, en J. Feest, ed., Globalization and Legal Cultures (Oñati Papers, IISL, Oñati), pp. 21-30.
  • 1996: “La Administración de Justicia en España” in J. Tusell, E. Lamo de Espinosa and R. Pardo (eds.) Entre dos siglos. Reflexiones sobre la democracia española (Madrid, Alianza Editorial), pp. 295-316.
  • 1995: “La reforma de la Justicia”, Claves de Razón Práctica, nº 54 (Julio-Agosto).
  • 1994, “La Administración de Justicia”, en Miguel Juárez et.al., Quinto Informe Sociológico sobre la situación social en España (Madrid, Fundación FOESSA, pp. 651‑674).
  • 1989, Separación y divorcio en España. Un informe sociológico (With Rafael López Pintor) (Madrid, Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social).
  • 1987, ¡Pleitos tengas!… Introducción a la cultura legal española (Madrid, C.I.S./Siglo XXI).
  • 1976, “Economic Development and Litigation: The Case of Contemporary Spain”, in L. M. Friedman and M. Rehbinder, eds., Zur Soziologie des Gerichtsverfahrens, Jahrbuch für Rechtssoziologie und Rechtsstheorie, Band 4, Univesität Bielefeld (Federal Republic of Germany).
  • 1975, “Judicial Independence in an Authoritarian Regime: The Case of Contemporary Spain”, Law and Society Review, vol. 9, nº 3, Spring.
  • 1974, Modernización, autoritarismo y Administración de Justicia en España (Madrid, Cuadernos para el Diálogo).
  • 1974, Cambio social y vida jurídica en España (Madrid, Cuadernos para el Diálogo). Prólogo de Lawrence M. Friedman.
  • 1974, “The Spanish Judiciary: A Sociological Study. Justice in a Civil Law Country Undergoing Social Change Under An Authoritarian Regime”. (A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Yale University in candidacy for the degree of Doctor of Sociology). Available in microfilm: University Microfilm Inc. (Ann Arbor, Michigan).